Encyclopaedia Index

7. References

    MJ Andrews (1986) "Turbulent mixing by Rayleigh-Taylor
         instability"; PhD Thesis, London University
    WH Avery & RW Hart (1953) Ind Engg Chem vol 45 p 16 34
    J  Boussinesq (1877) "Theorie de l'ecoulement tourbillant";
        Mem, Pre. par. div. Sav. Paris, vol 23
    P  Bradshaw, DR Ferriss & NP Atwell (1967) "Calculation of
        boundary-layer development using the turbulent energy equation";
        J Fluid Mech, vol 28, p 593
    KNC Bray and PA Libby "Counter-gradient diffusion in pre-mixed
         turbulent flames"; AIAA J vol 19, p205, 1981
    JY Chen & W Kollmann (1988) "PDF modelling of non-equilibrium
         effects in turbulent non-premixed hydrocarbon flames";
         22nd Int. Symp. on Combustion, Combustion Inst pp 645-653
    JY Chen & W Kollmann (1990) "Chemical models for PDF modelling
        of hydrogen-air non-premixed turbulent flames";
        Combustion and Flame, vol 79, pp 75-99
    SM Correa and SB Pope (1992) "Comparison of a Monte Carlo PDF/
        finite-volume model with bluff-body Raman data"
        Twenty-Fourth International Combustion Symposium
        The Combustion Institute, pp279-285
    RL Curl (1963) AIChE J vol 9, p 175
    BJ Daly & FH Harlow (1970) "Transport equations in turbulence";
         Phys Fluids, vol 13, p 2634
    C  Dopazo and EE O'Brien (1974) Acta Astronautica vol 1, p1239
    MA Elhadidy (1980),'Applications of a low-Reynolds-number
        turbulence model and wall functions for steady and unsteady
        heat-transfer computations', PhD Thesis, University of London
    DJ Freeman and DB Spalding (1995) "The multi-fluid turbulent
         combustion model and its application to the simulation of gas
         explosions"; The PHOENICS Journal (to be published)
    N  Fueyo (1992) "Two-fluid models of turbulence for
         axi-symmetrical jets and sprays"; PhD Thesis, London University
    N Fueyo, JC Larroya, L Valino, C Dopazo (1995) "A combined
        CFD-Montecarlo method for the solution of the scalar PDF
        equation in turbulent reaction"
        European PHOENICS User Conference, Trento, Italy
    M  Gonzalez & R Borghi (1991) "A Lagrangian intermittent model
         for turbulent combustion; theoretical basis and comparison with
         experiments", Turbulent Shear Flows 7, Springer Verlag
    FH Harlow & PI Nakayama (1968) "Transport of turbulence-energy
        decay rate"; Los Alamos Sci Lab U Calif report LA 3854
    NM Howe and CW Shipman (1965) "A tentative model for rates of
         combustion in confined turbulent flames"
         10th International Symposium on Combustion, p 1139
         The Combustion Institute, 1965
    WR Hawthorne, DE Weddell and HC Hottel (1949) "Mixing and combustion
         in turbulent jets"
         Third Symposium on Combustion, published by Williams & Wilkins
         pp 266-288     
    ICOMP (1994) ICOMP-94-30; CMOTT-94-9; "Industry-wide workshop on
         computational modelling turbulence"; NASA Conference
         Publication 10165
    JO Ilegbusi and DB Spalding (1987) "A two-fluid model of
         turbulence and its application to near-wall flows"
         IJ PhysicoChemical Hydrodynamics , vol 9, pp 127-160
    JO Ilegbusi and DB Spalding (1987) "Application of a two-fluid
         model of turbulence to turbulent flows in conduits and shear
         layers" I J PhysicoChemical Hydrodynamics, vol 9, pp 161-181
    JH Kent & RW Bilger (1976) "The prediction of turbulent
         diffusion flame fields and nitric oxide formation"
         16th International Symposium on Combustion, The Combustion
         Institute p 1643
    SW Kim and CP Chen (1989), 'A multi-time-scale turbulence
         model based on variable partitioning of the turbulent kinetic
         energy spectrum', Numerical Heat Transfer, Part B Vol 16 pp193
    W  Kolbe & W Kollmann (1980) "Prediction of turbulent diffusion
         flames with a four-equation turbulence model"
         Acta Astronautica, vol 71 p 91
    AN Kolmogorov (1942) "Equations of motion of an incompressible
        turbulent fluid"; Izv Akad Nauk SSSR Ser Phys VI No 1-2, p56
    VR Kuznetsov (1979); USSR Fluid Dynamics vol 14, p328
    BE Launder and DB Spalding (1972)
        "Mathematical Models of Turbulence",  Academic Press
    FC Lockwood & AS Naguib (1975) "The prediction of the
         fluctuations in the properties of free, round-jet, turbulent,
         diffusion flames", Comb & Flame, vol 24 p 109
    JP Longwell (1954) "Selected combustion problems"
         Butterworths, p 508
    BF Magnussen and BH Hjertager (1976) "On mathematical modelling of
         turbulent combustion with special emphasis on soot formation
         and combustion"
         16th International Symposium on Combustion, pp 719-729
         The Combustion Institute
    MR Malin (1986) "Turbulence modelling for flow and heat
         transfer in jets, wakes and plumes"; PhD Thesis, London
    HB Mason and DB Spalding (1973) "Prediction of reaction rates in
         turbulent pre-mixed boundary-layer flows"
         Combustion Inst European Symposium, pp 601-606
    JB Moss (1980) "Simultaneous measurements of concentration and
         velocity in an open pre-mixed flame", Combustion Science and
         Technology, vol 22, pp 115-129
    D  Naot, A Shavit M Wolfshtein (1974);"Numerical calculation of
         Reynolds stresses in a square duct with secondary flow"; Waerme
         u Stoffuebertragung, vol 7, p151
    M Noseir (1980) "Application of the ESCIMO theory of turbulent
         combustion"; PhD Thesis, London University
    KA Pericleous and NC Markatos (1991) "A two-fluid approach to
         the modelling of three-dimensional turbulent flames", in
         Proc. Eurotherm Seminar 17, Springer Verlag
    SB Pope (1982) Combustion Science and Technology vol 28, p131
    SB Pope (1985) Progr Energy Combust Sci  vol 11, pp119-192
    SB Pope (1990) "Computations of turbulent combustion; progress
         and challenges"
         Twenty-Third International Symposium on Combustion,
         The Combustion Institute, pp 591-612
    L  Prandtl (1925) "Bericht ueber Untersuchungen zur ausgebileten
        Turbulenz"; ZAMM vol 3, pp 136-139, 1925
    L  Prandtl (1945) "Ueber ein neues Formelsystem fuer die
        ausgebildete Turbulenz", Nachr. Akad. Wiss. Goettingen
    O  Reynolds (1874) "On the extent and action of the heating
        surface of steam boilers";
        Proc. Manchester Lit Phil Soc, vol 8, 1874
    RP Rhodes, PT Harsha & CE Peters (1974) "Turbulent-kinetic-
        energy analyses of hydrogen-air diffusion flame"
        Acta Astronautica vol 1 p 443
    R  Sala and DB Spalding (1973) "A mathematical model for an
        axi-symmetrical diffusion flame in a furnace". La Rivista di
        Combustibili, vol 27, pp 180-186
    PG Saffmann (1970) "A model for inhomogeneous turbulent flow";
        Proc Roy Soc London vol A317 pp 417-433
    S Shaanen, JH Ferziger, WC Reynolds (1975) "Numerical
         Simulation of turbulence in the presence of shear"; Dept Mech
         Engg Stanford U, Rep TF-6
    KI Shchelkin USSR J Tech Phys vol 13, p 520, 1943
    U Schumann (1973) "Ein Verfahren zur direkten numerischen
         Simulation ..." Thesis 1854 U Karlsruhe
    DB Spalding (1969) "The prediction of two-dimensional steady
        turbulent elliptic flows" ICHMT Seminar, Herceg Novi, Yugoslavia
    DB Spalding (1971a) "Mixing and chemical reaction in confined
         turbulent flames"
         13th International Symposium on Combustion, pp 649-657
         The Combustion Institute
    DB Spalding (1971b) "Concentration fluctuations in a round turbulent
         free jet"; J Chem Eng Sci, vol 26, p 95
    DB Spalding (1979) "The influences of laminar transport and
         chemical kinetics on the time-mean reaction rate in a
         turbulent flame";
         17th International Symposium on Combustion, pp431-440,
         The Combustion Institute.
    DB Spalding (1982) "Chemical reaction in turbulent fluids"
         IC CFDU Report 82/8, June 1982
    DB Spalding (1983) "Towards a two-fluid model of turbulent
         combustion in gases, with special reference to the spark-
         ignition engine" Inst Mech Eng, London, paper c53/83, 1983
    DB Spalding (1984)"The two-fluid model of turbulence applied to
         combustion phenomena"
         22nd AIAA Meeting, Reno, Nevada
    DB Spalding (1987) "A turbulence model for buoyant and combusting
         flows"; International J. for Numerical Methods in Engineering
         vol 24, pp 1-23
    DB Spalding (1993) Lecture delivered at "First International
         Conference on Air Pollution", Monterrey, Mexico. The text is
         included in "Lecture on the two-fluid turbulence model"
         supplied with the PHOENICS software package
    DB Spalding (1995a) "Models of turbulent combustion"
         Proc. 2nd Colloquium on Process Simulation, pp 1-15
         Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland
    DB Spalding (1995b) "Multi-fluid models of turbulent
         combustion"; CTAC95 Conference, Melbourne, Australia
    DB Spalding (1995c) "Multi-fluid models of Turbulence",
       European PHOENICS User Conference, Trento, Italy
    DB Spalding (1996a) "Older and newer approaches to the numerical
         modelling of turbulent combustion". Keynote address at 3rd
         International Conference on COMPUTERS IN RECIPROCATING
         ENGINES AND GAS TURBINES, 9-10 January, 1996, IMechE, London
    DB Spalding (1996b) "Multi-fluid models of Turbulence; Progress and
         Prospects; lecture to be presented at CFD 96, the Fourth Annual
         Conference of the CFD Society of Canada, June 2 - 6, 1996,
         Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    DB Spalding (1996c) "Progress report on the development of a multi-
         fluid model of turbulence and its application to the paddle-
         stirred mixer/reactor", invited lecture at 3rd Colloquium on
         Process Simulation, Espoo, Finland, June 12-14
    DB Spalding (1966d) Unpublished work at CHAM Ltd
    RLT Sun (1982) "Application of the ESCIMO theory to turbulent
         diffusion flames"; PhD Thesis, London University
    LT Tam (1981) "The theory of turbulent flow with complex
         chemical kinetics"; PhD Thesis, London University
    ST Xi (1986) "Transient turbulent jets of miscible and
         immiscible fluids"; PhD Thesis, London University
    V  Yakhot & S Orszag (1986) "Renormalization group analysis of
       Turbulence. I. Basic theory"
       J. Sci Comp, vol 1, no 1, pp 1-51
    DC Wilcox (1993) "Turbulence modelling for CFD", DCW Industries,
        La Canada, California
    GC Williams, HC Hottel and AC Scurlock,(1949), 3rd Symposium on
        Combustion, p21, Williams and Wilkins
    WJ Wohlenberg "Minimum depth for flame front for stable
         combustion ... in a gaseous system at constant pressure"
         4th International Symposium on Combustion p 796
         Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, 1953
    JZ Wu (1987) "The application of the two-fluid model of
         turbulence to ducted flames" IC CFDU Report, June 1987