TALK=T;RUN(1,1)
  DISPLAY
  This case concerns plane, two-dimensional, incompressible flow th$
rough
  a 180 degree turnaround duct, as studied experimentally by Monson$
 &
  Seegmiller (1988). The duct has a width W=0.0381m and an aspect r$
atio
  of 10. The inlet and outlet planes are located 3.5W upstream and$
downsteam
  of the bend, respectively. The inner radius of the bend is 0.0190$
5m, which
  corresponds to a curvature ratio of 0.5. The Reynolds number base$
d on duct
  width is 1.E5, and the Dean number is 7.071E4. The flow exhibits$
large
  streamline curvature with flow relaminarisation along the inner c$
onvex wall
  together with the fromation of a separation zone near the bend ex$
it on the
  inner (convex) surface of the duct. The turnaround duct is repres$
entative
  of many flows of engineering interest, such as flow in the turnar$
ound duct
  of the Space-Shuttle-Main-Engine powerhead.

  Calculations are made with several high-Re forms k-e and k-w mode$
l, and the
  calculation employs a relatively coarse non-uniform mesh of NY=25$
 and NZ=80.
  The standard k-e and k-w models do not predict the occurence of s$
eparation
  along the inner wall at the exit of the U-bend. The other variant$
s of these
  models do predict this feature, but with varying size of the sepa$
ration bubble.
  The current solutions remain sensitive to mesh numbers. Typically$
, depending
  on the turbulence model used, 450 to 900 sweeps are required for$
complete
  convergence. Low-Reynolds-number modelling, as exemplified by Lib$
rary Case
  T214, is recommended to predict the important features of this fl$
ow.
  ENDDIS
   PHOTON USE
   p





   view x
   gr ou x 1
   msg velocity vectors
   vec x 1 sh
   msg press  to continue
   pause
   vec off; redr
   msg contours of normalised w velocity resolutes
   con w1nr x 1 fi;0.1
   msg press  to continue
   pause
   con del; redr
   msg contours of turbulence intensities
   con tint x 1 fi;0.1
   msg Press  and then  to END
   pause
   con del; redr
      msg contours of pressure coefficients
   con cp x 1 fi;0.1
   msg press  to continue
   pause

   ENDUSE
 ************************************************************
  Group 1. Run Title and Number
 ************************************************************
 ************************************************************
 
 TEXT(RNG KE-2D FLOW IN TURNAROUND DUCT :T106 )
 
 ************************************************************
 ************************************************************
 
 IRUNN = 1 ;LIBREF = 106
 ************************************************************
  Group 2. Time dependence
 STEADY = T
 ************************************************************
  Group 3. X-Direction Grid Spacing
 CARTES = T
 NX = 1
 XULAST =1.
 ************************************************************
  Group 4. Y-Direction Grid Spacing
 NY = 25
 YVLAST =0.0381
 ************************************************************
  Group 5. Z-Direction Grid Spacing
 PARAB = F
 NZ = 80
 ZWLAST =0.13335
 ************************************************************
  Group 6. Body-Fitted Coordinates
 BFC = T ;NONORT = T
 NCRT = -1
 RSTGEO = F ;SAVGEO = F
 UUP = F ;VUP = F ;WUP = T
 NGEOM =CHAM
 NAMXYZ =CHAM
 ANGMIN =20.
 DOMAIN(   1,   2,   1,  26,   1,   1)
    * Set fixed sub-domain
 FIXDOM(   1,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0)
 FIXDOM(   2,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0)
 FIXDOM(   3,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0)
 FIXDOM(   4,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0)
 FIXDOM(   5,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0)
 FIXDOM(   6,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0)
 FIXDOM(   7,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0)
 FIXDOM(   8,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0)
 FIXDOM(   9,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0)
 FIXDOM(  10,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0)
 LIJ = F ;LJK = T ;LIK = F
 IMON = 1 ;JMON = 13 ;KMON = 1
 ************************************************************
  Group 7. Variables: STOREd,SOLVEd,NAMEd
 ONEPHS = T
 NAME(1)=P1 ;NAME(5)=V1
 NAME(7)=W1 ;NAME(12)=KE
 NAME(13)=EP ;NAME(138)=W1NR
 NAME(139)=TINT ;NAME(140)=CP
 NAME(141)=GEN1 ;NAME(142)=ALF
 NAME(143)=ETA ;NAME(144)=STRS
 NAME(145)=YPLS ;NAME(146)=LEN1
 NAME(147)=ENUT ;NAME(148)=WCRT
 NAME(149)=VCRT ;NAME(150)=UCRT
    * Y in SOLUTN argument list denotes:
    * 1-stored 2-solved 3-whole-field
    * 4-point-by-point 5-explicit 6-harmonic averaging 
 SOLUTN(P1,Y,Y,Y,N,N,N)
 SOLUTN(V1,Y,Y,N,N,N,N)
 SOLUTN(W1,Y,Y,N,N,N,N)
 SOLUTN(KE,Y,Y,N,N,N,N)
 SOLUTN(EP,Y,Y,N,N,N,N)
 SOLUTN(W1NR,Y,N,N,N,N,Y)
 SOLUTN(TINT,Y,N,N,N,N,Y)
 SOLUTN(CP,Y,N,N,N,N,Y)
 SOLUTN(GEN1,Y,N,N,N,N,Y)
 SOLUTN(ALF,Y,N,N,N,N,Y)
 SOLUTN(ETA,Y,N,N,N,N,Y)
 SOLUTN(STRS,Y,N,N,N,N,Y)
 SOLUTN(YPLS,Y,N,N,N,N,Y)
 SOLUTN(LEN1,Y,N,N,N,N,Y)
 SOLUTN(ENUT,Y,N,N,N,N,Y)
 SOLUTN(WCRT,Y,N,N,N,N,N)
 SOLUTN(VCRT,Y,N,N,N,N,N)
 SOLUTN(UCRT,Y,N,N,N,N,N)
 VIST = 147
 LEN1 = 146
 ************************************************************
  Group 8. Terms & Devices
    * Y in TERMS argument list denotes:
    * 1-built-in source 2-convection 3-diffusion 4-transient
    * 5-first phase variable 6-interphase transport         
 TERMS(P1,Y,Y,Y,N,Y,Y)
 TERMS(V1,Y,Y,Y,Y,Y,Y)
 TERMS(W1,Y,Y,Y,Y,Y,Y)
 TERMS(KE,N,Y,Y,Y,Y,N)
 TERMS(EP,N,Y,Y,Y,Y,N)
 DIFCUT =0.5 ;ZDIFAC =1.
 GALA = F ;ADDDIF = F
 NEWENT = T
 ISOLX = -1 ;ISOLY = -1 ;ISOLZ = -1
 ************************************************************
  Group 9. Properties used if PRPS is not
  stored, and where PRPS = -1.0 if it is!
 RHO1 =1. ;TMP1 =0.
 EL1 = GRND4
 TSURR =0. ;TEMP0 =0.
 PRESS0 =0.
 DVO1DT =0. ;DRH1DP =0.
 EMISS =0. ;SCATT =0.
 RADIA =0. ;RADIB =0.
 EL1A =0. ;EL1B =0.
 EL1C =0.
 ENUL =1.000125E-05 ;ENUT = GRND3
 ENUTA =0. ;ENUTB =0.
 ENUTC =0.
 IENUTA = 1
 PRNDTL(V1)=1. ;PRNDTL(W1)=1.
 PRNDTL(KE)=1. ;PRNDTL(EP)=1.
 PRT(V1)=1. ;PRT(W1)=1.
 PRT(KE)=0.7194 ;PRT(EP)=0.7194
 CP1 =1. ;CP2 =1.
 ************************************************************
  Group 10.Inter-Phase Transfer Processes
 ************************************************************
  Group 11.Initial field variables (PHIs)
 FIINIT(P1)=1.0E-10 ;FIINIT(V1)=1.0E-10
 FIINIT(W1)=26.25 ;FIINIT(KE)=1.722656
 FIINIT(EP)=108.334801 ;FIINIT(W1NR)=1.0E-10
 FIINIT(TINT)=1.0E-10 ;FIINIT(CP)=1.0E-10
 FIINIT(GEN1)=1.0E-10 ;FIINIT(ALF)=1.0E-10
 FIINIT(ETA)=1.0E-10 ;FIINIT(STRS)=1.0E-10
 FIINIT(YPLS)=1.0E-10 ;FIINIT(LEN1)=1.0E-10
 FIINIT(ENUT)=1.0E-10 ;FIINIT(WCRT)=1.0E-10
 FIINIT(VCRT)=1.0E-10 ;FIINIT(UCRT)=1.0E-10
   No PATCHes yet used for this Group
 INIADD = F
 FSWEEP = 1
 NAMFI =CHAM
 ************************************************************
  Group 12. Patchwise adjustment of terms
  Patches for this group are printed with those
  for Group 13.
  Their names begin either with GP12 or &
 ************************************************************
  Group 13. Boundary & Special Sources
 
 PATCH(KESOURCE,PHASEM, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1)
 COVAL(KESOURCE,KE , GRND4 , GRND4 )
 COVAL(KESOURCE,EP , GRND4 , GRND4 )
 
 PATCH(RNGMKE ,PHASEM, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1)
 COVAL(RNGMKE ,EP , GRND4 , GRND4 )
 
 PATCH(BFCIN ,LOW , 1, 1, 1, 25, 1, 1, 1, 1)
 COVAL(BFCIN ,P1 , FIXFLU , GRND1 )
 COVAL(BFCIN ,V1 ,0. ,0. )
 COVAL(BFCIN ,W1 ,0. , GRND1 )
 COVAL(BFCIN ,KE ,0. ,1.722656 )
 COVAL(BFCIN ,EP ,0. ,108.334801 )
 COVAL(BFCIN ,WCRT,0. ,-26.25 )
 
 PATCH(OUTLET ,HIGH , 1, 1, 1, 25, 80, 80, 1, 1)
 COVAL(OUTLET ,P1 ,1.0E+04 ,0. )
 COVAL(OUTLET ,V1 ,0. ,0. )
 COVAL(OUTLET ,W1 ,0. ,0. )
 
 PATCH(WFNN ,NWALL , 1, 1, 25, 25, 1, 80, 1, 1)
 COVAL(WFNN ,W1 , GRND2 ,0. )
 COVAL(WFNN ,KE , GRND2 , GRND2 )
 COVAL(WFNN ,EP , GRND2 , GRND2 )
 
 PATCH(WFNS ,SWALL , 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 80, 1, 1)
 COVAL(WFNS ,W1 , GRND2 ,0. )
 COVAL(WFNS ,KE , GRND2 , GRND2 )
 COVAL(WFNS ,EP , GRND2 , GRND2 )
 XCYCLE = F
 EGWF = T
 WALLCO = GRND2
 BFCA =1.
 ************************************************************
  Group 14. Downstream Pressure For PARAB
 ************************************************************
  Group 15. Terminate Sweeps
 LSWEEP = 1000 ;ISWC1 = 1
 LITHYD = 1 ;LITFLX = 1 ;LITC = 1 ;ITHC1 = 1
 SELREF = T
 RESFAC =1.0E-04
 ************************************************************
  Group 16. Terminate Iterations
 LITER(P1)=20 ;LITER(V1)=10
 LITER(W1)=10 ;LITER(KE)=20
 LITER(EP)=20
 ENDIT(P1)=1.0E-03 ;ENDIT(V1)=1.0E-03
 ENDIT(W1)=1.0E-03 ;ENDIT(KE)=1.0E-03
 ENDIT(EP)=1.0E-03
 ************************************************************
  Group 17. Relaxation
 RELAX(P1,LINRLX,1.)
 RELAX(V1,FALSDT,6.35E-05)
 RELAX(W1,FALSDT,6.35E-05)
 RELAX(KE,FALSDT,6.35E-05)
 RELAX(EP,FALSDT,6.35E-05)
 RELAX(W1NR,LINRLX,1.)
 RELAX(TINT,LINRLX,1.)
 RELAX(CP,LINRLX,1.)
 RELAX(GEN1,LINRLX,1.)
 RELAX(ALF,LINRLX,1.)
 RELAX(ETA,LINRLX,1.)
 RELAX(STRS,LINRLX,1.)
 RELAX(YPLS,LINRLX,1.)
 RELAX(LEN1,LINRLX,1.)
 RELAX(ENUT,LINRLX,1.)
 RELAX(WCRT,LINRLX,1.)
 RELAX(VCRT,LINRLX,1.)
 RELAX(UCRT,LINRLX,1.)
 KELIN = 1
 OVRRLX =0.
 EXPERT = F ;NNORSL = F
 ************************************************************
  Group 18. Limits
 VARMAX(P1)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(P1)=-1.0E+10
 VARMAX(V1)=1.0E+06 ;VARMIN(V1)=-1.0E+06
 VARMAX(W1)=1.0E+06 ;VARMIN(W1)=-1.0E+06
 VARMAX(KE)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(KE)=1.0E-10
 VARMAX(EP)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(EP)=1.0E-10
 VARMAX(W1NR)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(W1NR)=-1.0E+10
 VARMAX(TINT)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(TINT)=-1.0E+10
 VARMAX(CP)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(CP)=-1.0E+10
 VARMAX(GEN1)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(GEN1)=-1.0E+10
 VARMAX(ALF)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(ALF)=-1.0E+10
 VARMAX(ETA)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(ETA)=-1.0E+10
 VARMAX(STRS)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(STRS)=-1.0E+10
 VARMAX(YPLS)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(YPLS)=-1.0E+10
 VARMAX(LEN1)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(LEN1)=-1.0E+10
 VARMAX(ENUT)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(ENUT)=-1.0E+10
 VARMAX(WCRT)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(WCRT)=-1.0E+10
 VARMAX(VCRT)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(VCRT)=-1.0E+10
 VARMAX(UCRT)=1.0E+10 ;VARMIN(UCRT)=-1.0E+10
 ************************************************************
  Group 19. Data transmitted to GROUND
 GENK = T
 PARSOL = F
 IENUTA = 1
 ISG62 = 1
 SPEDAT(SET,STORED,CP,C,=2.*P1/(RHO1*26.25*26.25)!ZSLFIN)
 SPEDAT(SET,STORED,TINT,C,=KE^0.5/26.25!ZSLFIN)
 SPEDAT(SET,STORED,W1NR,C,=W1/26.25!ZSLFIN)
 SPEDAT(SET,OUTPUT,NOFIELD,L,T)
 SPEDAT(SET,GXMONI,PLOTALL,L,T)
 ************************************************************
  Group 20. Preliminary Printout
 DISTIL = T ;NULLPR = F
 NDST = 0
 DSTTOL =1.0E-02
 EX(P1)=121.800003 ;EX(V1)=0.6161
 EX(W1)=25.049999 ;EX(KE)=4.14
 EX(EP)=7562. ;EX(W1NR)=0.9425
 EX(TINT)=0.07357 ;EX(CP)=0.3536
 EX(GEN1)=1.497E+08 ;EX(ALF)=0.6735
 EX(ETA)=3.073 ;EX(STRS)=0.1539
 EX(YPLS)=1.338 ;EX(LEN1)=1.178E-03
 EX(ENUT)=1.076E-03 ;EX(WCRT)=21.42
 EX(VCRT)=6.76 ;EX(UCRT)=0.
 ************************************************************
  Group 21. Print-out of Variables
 INIFLD = F ;SUBWGR = F
    * Y in OUTPUT argument list denotes:
    * 1-field 2-correction-eq. monitor 3-selective dumping      
    * 4-whole-field residual 5-spot-value table 6-residual table
 OUTPUT(P1,Y,N,Y,Y,Y,Y)
 OUTPUT(V1,Y,N,Y,Y,Y,Y)
 OUTPUT(W1,Y,N,Y,Y,Y,Y)
 OUTPUT(KE,Y,N,Y,Y,Y,Y)
 OUTPUT(EP,Y,N,Y,Y,Y,Y)
 OUTPUT(W1NR,Y,N,Y,N,N,N)
 OUTPUT(TINT,Y,N,Y,N,N,N)
 OUTPUT(CP,Y,N,Y,N,N,N)
 OUTPUT(GEN1,Y,N,Y,N,N,N)
 OUTPUT(ALF,Y,N,Y,Y,Y,Y)
 OUTPUT(ETA,Y,N,Y,Y,Y,Y)
 OUTPUT(STRS,Y,N,Y,N,N,N)
 OUTPUT(YPLS,Y,N,Y,N,N,N)
 OUTPUT(LEN1,Y,N,Y,N,N,N)
 OUTPUT(ENUT,Y,N,Y,N,Y,Y)
 OUTPUT(WCRT,Y,N,Y,N,N,N)
 OUTPUT(VCRT,Y,N,Y,N,N,N)
 OUTPUT(UCRT,Y,N,Y,N,N,N)
 ************************************************************
  Group 22. Monitor Print-Out
 IXMON = 1 ;IYMON = 2 ;IZMON = 56
 NPRMON = 1000 ;NPRMNT = 1 ;TSTSWP = -1
 UWATCH = T ;USTEER = T
 HIGHLO = F
 ************************************************************
  Group 23.Field Print-Out & Plot Control
 NPRINT = 1000 ;NUMCLS = 5
 NYPRIN = 1 ;IYPRF = 1 ;IYPRL = 10000
 NZPRIN = 1 ;IZPRF = 18 ;IZPRL = 24
 XZPR = F ;YZPR = F
 IPLTF = 1 ;IPLTL = -1 ;NPLT = 2
 ISWPRF = 1 ;ISWPRL = 100000
 ITABL = 3 ;IPROF = 1
 ABSIZ =0.5 ;ORSIZ =0.4
 NTZPRF = 1 ;NCOLPF = 50
 ICHR = 2 ;NCOLCO = 45 ;NROWCO = 20
   No PATCHes yet used for this Group
 ************************************************************
  Group 24. Dumps For Restarts
 SAVE = T ;NOWIPE = F
 NSAVE =CHAM
STOP